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Basic Protective Measures Against COVID-19

COVID-19 is a new strain of the common cold that has been p...

What Happens To The Body After Contracting The Coronavirus Disease?

What Happens To The Body After Contracting The Coronavirus Disease

Coronavirus Disease causes respiratory illnesses and as a result, the frequently affected are the lungs. The diseases’ early symptoms are cough, fever, and shortness of breath. These symptoms may show as soon as 2 days or as long as 14 days after exposure to the virus. The damage can also happen in other parts of the body. The Coronavirus Disease affects different systems in the body;

  1. Lungs

Older people and those with chronic medical conditions appear to have a higher risk of developing severe illness. The variability shows up how COVID-19 affects the lungs. Several people might only have minor symptoms while others develop life-threatening pneumonia. The fluid collects in the alveoli or the air sacs of the lungs. This makes it difficult for the lungs to transmit oxygen from the air to the blood. One interesting thing about Coronavirus Disease is that a lot of patients have possibly deadly low blood oxygen levels but they don’t look as if they starved for oxygen. This led some doctors to rethink putting patients on a ventilator because of low oxygen levels. 

2. Stomach and intestines

Some patients of COVID-19 reported having gastrointestinal symptoms. Some symptoms are diarrhea and nausea which are much less common than problems with the lungs. While the virus seems to have an easier time entering the body through the lungs, the intestine is not out of reach. In some reports, the virus that causes MERS and SARS is identified in intestinal tissue biopsies and stool samples. However, it is unknown yet whether fecal transmission of the virus can happen. 

3. Heart and blood vessels 

COVID-19 affects the heart and blood vessels. It may show up as low blood pressure, irregular heart rhythms, or not enough blood getting to the tissues. It’s not clear yet if the virus damages directly the heart so far. 

Several patients in Wuhan had some form of heart damage and some of those in the ICU have an irregular heart rhythm. There are also signs that the Coronavirus Disease might cause the blood to clot more without difficulty. It’s not clear how it plays in the severity of the condition but clots can increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. 

4. Liver and kidneys

Liver cells can leak higher than normal amounts of an enzyme into the bloodstream if they are damaged or inflamed. It’s not always a sign of serious problems if there is an elevated liver enzyme. In one study (Wuhan, China), several hospitalized patients had kidney failure. The other patients had signs of liver damage in a person with COVID-19. Some patients were also confirmed to have acute kidney damage that sometimes required a kidney transplant. 

5. Immune system

The immune system of the body responds with any infection by attacking foreign bacteria or viruses. While it can protect the body from any infection, at times it can similarly cause collateral harm in the body. The immune cells create cytokines to fight infection but if there are too many, it can cause problems in the body.