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Tizanidine Hydrochloride

Tizanidine Hydrochloride

Where is Tizanidine Hydrochloride used?

Tizanidine Hydrochloride is used for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. This is a type of medicine known as an alpha-2-adrenoceptor agonist. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this medication. Tizanidine Hydrochloride is for oral use.

How does Tizanidine Hydrochloride work?

Tizanidine Hydrochloride works by blocking the alpha-2-adrenoceptor in the central nervous system. The effect of this is to damp down the nerve signal that is carried in the spinal cord to the muscles. This decreases the contraction and tension in the muscle. In a condition where there is a painful or disabling muscle spasm, Tizanidine Hydrochloride can help to decrease stiffness and allow people to undergo recovery that increases their mobility. 

How is Tizanidine Hydrochloride taken?

Tizanidine Hydrochloride is to be taken by mouth with a full glass of water. It is taken usually every 6 to 8 hours. The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to the treatment. To lessen your risk of side effects, your doctor may give you a low dose and slowly increase it. Do not take more than 36 milligrams a day or more than 3 doses in 24 hours.

Your body will absorb this drug differently whether you take it with or without food. Make sure that you discuss with your doctor how to take this medication to fix the best way to take your dose. Do not stop taking it even for a short time, increase your dose, or take this drug more often than prescribed unless directed to do so by your doctor.

What are the possible side effects of Tizanidine Hydrochloride?

  • Fatigue
  • Sweating
  • Back pain
  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Dry mouth
  • Vomiting
  • Constipation 
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach pain
  • Blurred vision
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat 

What are the precautions in taking Tizanidine Hydrochloride?

  • Tizanidine Hydrochloride should be used with caution in people with decreased kidney function and elderly people. 
  • This is not recommended for use in people with severely decreased liver function and people taking antidepressants or antibiotics. 
  • If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding women consult your doctor first before taking this medication. Certain medicines should not be used during breastfeeding or pregnancy. On the other hand, other medications may be safely used in breastfeeding or pregnancy providing the benefits and risks to the unborn baby.
  • Let your doctor know if you ever had an allergic reaction to this drug. Tell also if you have any allergies. This drug may contain an inactive ingredient that causes an allergic reaction. 
  • This medicine causes muscle weakness, drowsiness, and impairs alertness and concentration. These effects may continue into the following day and may get worse by drinking alcohol. If you are affected you should avoid possibly hazardous tasks such as operating machinery or driving. 
  • Your skin may be more sensitive to sunlight. For this reason, you must avoid exposing your skin to sunlight during treatment. If you will be going outside, you should cover exposed areas of skin with clothing or use sunscreen with a high protection factor.