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Sitagliptin-Metformin HCL

What condition does Sitagliptin-Metformin HCL treat?

Sitagliptin-Metformin HCLis used to control high blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. This is to be used with a proper diet and exercise program. Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent:

  • Blindness
  • Kidney damage
  • Loss of limbs
  • Nerve problems
  • Sexual function problems

Proper control of diabetes may also decrease your risk of stroke or a heart attack.

Sitagliptin-Metformin HCLis a combined medication. Sitagliptin belongs to the class of drugs called DPP-4 inhibitors. Metformin HCL is in the group of drugs known as biguanides. This is supplied as tablets for oral use. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this medication.

How does Sitagliptin-Metformin HCL work?

Sitagliptin works by increasing the levels of a natural substance called incretins. Incretins help to control blood sugar by increasing insulin release, especially after a meal. They also lessen the amount of sugar that your liver creates.

Metformin HCL works by helping to restore your body’s appropriate reaction to the insulin you naturally produce. This also lessens the amount of sugar that your liver makes and that your intestines/stomach absorbs.

What is the recommended dosage for Sitagliptin-Metformin HCL?

This prescription is to be taken by mouth as directed by your doctor. Preferably, it is taken once daily in the evening. Swallow the tablet as a whole without chewing or crushing it. Don’t forget to take it in the same way and at the same time every day. Drink plenty of fluids while taking this medication.

The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to the treatment. Do not suddenly stop taking it without consulting your doctor. You must take it exactly as it is prescribed.

What are the side effects of Sitagliptin-Metformin HCL?

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach upset
  • Headache
  • Constipation
  • Weakness
  • Muscle or joint pain
  • Back pain
  • A metallic taste in the mouth
  • Cold symptoms such as sneezing, stuffy nose, and sore throat

What are the precautions in taking Sitagliptin-Metformin HCL?

  • You cannot use this medication to treat other conditions unless it is prescribed by your doctor.
  • Do not double the recommended dosage. If you missed a dose, call your doctor.
  • Limit alcohol while taking this medicine because it can increase your risk of developing pancreatitis, lactic acidosis, and low blood sugar.
  • Tell your doctor if you have any allergies. Inform also if you have any medical history or current treatments/surgeries.
  • You may experience dizziness, blurred vision, or drowsiness due to extremely low or high blood sugar. Do not use machinery, drive, or do any activity that needs alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely.
  • Metformin HCL passes into breast milk. It is unknown if Sitagliptin passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
  • Pregnancy might cause or worsen diabetes. Discuss a plan with your doctor for managing your blood sugar while pregnant. Your doctor may change your diabetes treatment during your pregnancy such as diet and prescriptions including insulin.
  • Keep this at room temperature away from direct light or heat.