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What condition does Metronidazole treat?

Metronidazole is used to kill any bacteria in the body that are causing infection. This medication is effective against certain parasites and anaerobic bacteria. Anaerobic bacteria are single-celled. They are living organisms that thrive in environments in which there is little oxygen. These bacteria may cause disease in the abdomen, pelvis, and liver.

This medication selectively blocks some of the functions within the bacterial cells. It will also block the parasites that may result in their death.

Metronidazole is an antibacterial drug. It is classified as a broad-spectrum antibiotic. This comes as a tablet for oral use. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this drug.

How does Metronidazole work?

Metronidazole prevents nucleic acid synthesis. It is by disrupting the DNA of microbial cells. This function only happens when this drug is partly reduced. With this decrease, it frequently occurs only in anaerobic bacteria and protozoans. It has relatively little effect on human cells or aerobic bacteria.

This drug only treats certain bacterial and parasitic infections. This will not work for a viral infection such as flu or a common cold.

What is the recommended dosage for Metronidazole?

Metronidazole is to be taken by mouth with a full glass of water. It is to be taken exactly as it is prescribed. Take the drug with food or milk to prevent an upset stomach.

Take this antibiotic at evenly spaced times for the best effect. Remember to take the medicine at the same time each day. Continue to take it until the full prescribed amount is finished. Stopping the medication suddenly may result in a return of the infection.

If you need to take several doses of this medicine in a day, try to space them evenly. For instance, if you take your medication 3 times a day, this could be first thing in the morning, mid-afternoon, and at bedtime.

What are the side effects of Metronidazole?

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach upset
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness
  • Weight loss
  • Dry mouth
  • Dark-colored urine

What are the precautions in taking Metronidazole?

  • If you become pregnant while taking this medication, inform your doctor right away.
  • Do not consume medicines that have propylene glycol while taking this medication.
  • You must stop using drinks that have alcohol at least three days before starting this treatment. Also, avoid alcohol for three more days after you stop treatment with this medication.
  •  Let your doctor know if you have any medical history or current medications.
  • This drug should only be used when needed during pregnancy.
  • This medication passes into breast milk. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor before breastfeeding.
  • You should not change or double the dosage without consulting your doctor.
  • The liver and kidneys of older adults may not work as well as they used to. This may cause your body to process medicines more slowly. For this reason, more medicine stays in your body for a longer period. This increases your risk of side effects.
  •  Keep this drug far from the reach of children.