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Desogestrel-Ethinyl Estradiol

What condition does Desogestrel-Ethinyl Estradiol treat?

Desogestrel-Ethinyl Estradiolis a prescription medicine used as contraception to prevent pregnancy. This medicine is also used to:

  • Make your periods more regular
  • Treat moderate acne in women who are at least 15 years old and have started having menstrual periods
  • Decrease your risk of ovarian cysts
  • Decrease blood loss and painful periods  

This product is a combined medication of Desogestrel and Ethinyl Estradiol. This prescription is effective birth control that contains two female hormones (estrogen and progestogen). The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this medication.

How does Desogestrel-Ethinyl Estradiol work?

Desogestrel and Ethinyl Estradiol works mainly by preventing the release of an egg or ovulation during the menstrual cycle. This makes vaginal fluid thicker to help prevent sperm from reaching an egg or so-called fertilization. This medication also changes the lining of the uterus to prevent the attachment of a fertilized egg. A fertilized egg doesn’t attach to the uterus and passes out of the body.

What is the recommended dosage for Desogestrel-Ethinyl Estradiol?

  • This medication is to be taken by mouth usually once a day.
  • You may take each dose with or without a meal.
  • Take this medication at the same time every day. Birth control medicines work best when no more than 24 hours pass between dosages.
  • Pick a time of the day that is easy for you to remember.
  • If you are using Colesevelam, take it at least 4 hours before or after taking this medication.
  • You must take this medicine exactly as it is prescribed. Follow the instructions very carefully.
  • Do not skip any doses. Pregnancy is likely if you miss pills.
  • You may feel sick or nauseated, especially during the first few months that you take this medicine. If your nausea is continuous and does not go away, call your doctor.
  • If you missed a pill in a day, call your doctor right away. If you often miss a dose, it is important to inform your health care provider.

What are the side effects of Desogestrel-Ethinyl Estradiol?

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal bloating or cramps
  • Changes in menstrual flow
  • Spotting
  • Breakthrough bleeding
  • Nipple discharge
  • Changes in vaginal discharge
  • Migraine
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Breast tenderness or enlargement
  • Swelling or edema
  • Missed menstrual period
  • Vision problems

What are the precautions in taking Desogestrel-Ethinyl Estradiol?

  • You should not use birth control pills if you are pregnant or if you have recently had a baby.
  • Do not use this pill if you have uncontrolled high blood pressure and heart disease.
  • Inform your doctor if you have a medical history or current medications including vitamins and herbal/food supplements.
  • Tell your doctor if you have any allergies before taking this pill.
  • This prescription should not be used along with Ritonavir, Paritaprevir, Ombitasvir, and Dasabuvir. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur.
  • Do not drink grapefruit juice or eat grapefruit while you are using this medication. Grapefruit might change the amount of this drug that is absorbed in the body.