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Basic Protective Measures Against COVID-19

COVID-19 is a new strain of the common cold that has been p...

COVID-19 and High-Risk People

COVID-19 and High-Risk People

For severe illnesses from COVID-19, people with underlying medical conditions or older people are at higher risk. Severe illness means that the person with COVID-19 may need intensive care, hospitalization, or a ventilator to help them breathe or they may even die. 

People at high risk from COVID-19 include people who:

  • Are having antibody or chemotherapy treatment
  • Are having cancer treatments that can affect the immune system
  • Are taking medicine that makes them much more likely to get infections especially with high doses 
  • Have had an organ transplant 
  • Have severe lung condition 
  • Have a serious heart condition  

People with the following condition might be at a higher risk for severe illness from COVID-19:

  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Asthma
  • High blood pressure
  • Liver disease
  • Immunocompromised state
  • Cerebrovascular disease
  • Smoking
  • Pulmonary fibrosis
  • Dementia
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus
  • Thalassemia

Protect Yourself

There is no certain vaccine yet for COVID-19 and you need to take steps on how to protect yourself from getting the infection. 

  • Avoid large events and close contacts with others.
  • When possible, stay at home and keep distance if the COVID-19 is spreading in your community. 
  • Wash your hands often. 
  • Cover your face with a mask in public places and areas that are difficult to have social distance. 
  • When you cough or sneeze, cover your nose and mouth with a tissue or with your elbow. After sneezing or coughing, wash your hands right away. Avoid touching your mouth, nose, and eyes.
  • If you are sick, avoid sharing glasses, dishes, bedding, towels, and other household items. 
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces that are commonly touched such as counters, electronics, or light switches. 
  • Avoid taking public transportation. If possible, stay home for work and school. 

If you are at higher risk of infection or of developing serious COVID-19 symptoms;

  • Make sure to have at least a 30-day supply of your regular prescription and your other medications. 
  • Check if your vaccinations are up to date especially of pneumonia or influenza. Being ill with pneumonia or influenza may worsen your outcome if you also be infected with COVID-19. 
  • Create another way on how to communicate with your doctor if you have to stay at home for a few weeks. Some doctors are doing their appointments via video conference.
  • Arrange for social visits to be held outside with family and friends. Keep 2 meters or 6 feet apart. Keep the group small to lessen the risk of spreading the COVID-19. The virus is more likely to spread in larger groups, especially for a longer period when people are close together.
  • So you don’t have to leave your home, you may arrange for delivery of medications, groceries, orders of restaurant meals.
  • Contact your doctor if you have questions about COVID-19, your medical situations, or if you’re not well. Go to your local emergency department or call your local emergency number.
  • Call your doctor if you have questions about non-critical medical appointments. They will advise you whether a virtual visit, in-person visit, delaying the appointment, or other options is appropriate.