COVID-19 is a new strain of the common cold that has been p...
COVID-19 and High-Risk People
For severe illnesses from COVID-19, people with underlying medical conditions or older people are at higher risk. Severe illness means that the person with COVID-19 may need intensive care, hospitalization, or a ventilator to help them breathe or they may even die.
People at high risk from COVID-19 include people who:
- Are having antibody or chemotherapy treatment
- Are having cancer treatments that can affect the immune system
- Are taking medicine that makes them much more likely to get infections especially with high doses
- Have had an organ transplant
- Have severe lung condition
- Have a serious heart condition
People with the following condition might be at a higher risk for severe illness from COVID-19:
- Cystic fibrosis
- High blood pressure
- Liver disease
- Immunocompromised state
- Cerebrovascular disease
- Pulmonary fibrosis
- Type 1 diabetes mellitus
There is no certain vaccine yet for COVID-19 and you need to take steps on how to protect yourself from getting the infection.
- Avoid large events and close contacts with others.
- When possible, stay at home and keep distance if the COVID-19 is spreading in your community.
- Wash your hands often.
- Cover your face with a mask in public places and areas that are difficult to have social distance.
- When you cough or sneeze, cover your nose and mouth with a tissue or with your elbow. After sneezing or coughing, wash your hands right away. Avoid touching your mouth, nose, and eyes.
- If you are sick, avoid sharing glasses, dishes, bedding, towels, and other household items.
- Clean and disinfect surfaces that are commonly touched such as counters, electronics, or light switches.
- Avoid taking public transportation. If possible, stay home for work and school.
If you are at higher risk of infection or of developing serious COVID-19 symptoms;
- Make sure to have at least a 30-day supply of your regular prescription and your other medications.
- Check if your vaccinations are up to date especially of pneumonia or influenza. Being ill with pneumonia or influenza may worsen your outcome if you also be infected with COVID-19.
- Create another way on how to communicate with your doctor if you have to stay at home for a few weeks. Some doctors are doing their appointments via video conference.
- Arrange for social visits to be held outside with family and friends. Keep 2 meters or 6 feet apart. Keep the group small to lessen the risk of spreading the COVID-19. The virus is more likely to spread in larger groups, especially for a longer period when people are close together.
- So you don’t have to leave your home, you may arrange for delivery of medications, groceries, orders of restaurant meals.
- Contact your doctor if you have questions about COVID-19, your medical situations, or if you’re not well. Go to your local emergency department or call your local emergency number.
- Call your doctor if you have questions about non-critical medical appointments. They will advise you whether a virtual visit, in-person visit, delaying the appointment, or other options is appropriate.