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Carvedilol

Carvedilol

Where is Carvedilol used?

Carvedilol is used for the treatment of heart failure and high blood pressure. Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent kidney problems, strokes, and heart attacks. This may also be used after a heart attack to improve the chance of survival if your heart is not pumping well.

This medicine has first approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the year 1995. This medication belongs to the family of drugs known as alpha and beta-blockers. This is often prescribed in combination with other medications.

How does Carvedilol work?

Carvedilol stops receptors of the adrenergic nervous system. It is the system of nerves wherein adrenalin is active. Nerves from the adrenergic system go in the heart. It releases an adrenergic chemical that attaches to receptors on the heart’s muscle. It also stimulates the muscle to beat more forcefully and rapidly. By blocking the receptors, this drug lessens the heart’s rate and force of contraction. Thereby it decreases the work of the heart.

This drug also blocks adrenergic receptors on arteries which causes the arteries to ease and the blood pressure to drop. The fall in blood pressure decreases the work of the heart since it is easier to pump blood against a lower pressure.

How is Carvedilol taken?

The dose will depend on your medical condition and response. This drug comes as a tablet to be taken by mouth. You may take it with or without food. Swallow it as a whole and do not break or chew it. Use it regularly for the best effect and benefit. Follow your doctor’s prescription very carefully.

Do not stop taking this medicine without first checking with your doctor. Your doctor may want you to slowly decrease the amount you are taking before stopping totally. Some conditions may be worse when the medicine is stopped suddenly, which could be dangerous.

What are the possible side effects of Carvedilol?

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Light-headedness
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness
  • Tiredness
  • Headache
  • Cough
  • Dry eyes
  • Joint pain
  • Numbness or tingling sensation
  • Vision changes

Call your doctor right away if you experience these:

  • Feeling faint
  • Slow or irregular heartbeats
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Severe skin reaction

What are the precautions in taking Carvedilol?

  • This medicine may cause light-headedness, dizziness, or fainting. Be sure you know how you react to this drug before you use machines, drive, or do anything else that could be unsafe if you are dizzy or not alert.
  • Let your doctor know if you have any allergies, medical history, or current treatments.
  • Your doctor must check your improvement at regular visits to make sure this medication is functioning well and to allow for changes in the dosage.
  • Before having any kind of surgery or emergency treatment, tell the medical doctor in charge that you are taking this drug. A severe eye problem called Intraoperative Floppy Iris Syndrome (IFIS) has happened in various patients who were taking this drug or who had recently taken this medication when they had cataract surgery.
  • This is not prescribed during pregnancy.
  • If you are breastfeeding women, consult your doctor first.