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Ampicillin

Formula Drugs

Where is Ampicillin used?

Ampicillin is an oral medicine used for the treatment of a wide variety of bacterial infections such as:

  • Sinusitis
  • Otitis media
  • Pneumonia
  • Bronchitis
  • Urinary tract infections

This is a penicillin-type antibiotic that helps stop the growth and spread of bacteria. This only treats bacterial infections. It will not work for viral infections such as flu and the common cold. Using any medications for bacterial infections when it is not needed can cause it to not work for future infections.

How does Ampicillin work?

Ampicillin works by interfering with the ability of bacteria to form cell walls that allow holes to appear in the bacterial cell walls. Therefore, it kills the bacteria causing the infection. Ampicillin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that kills a wide variety of different types of bacteria.

This medication will begin to work straight away and your child should start to get better after taking it for 2 days. They must take the whole course of medicine that has been prescribed.

How is Ampicillin taken?

The prescribed dosage is based on your medical condition and response to the treatment. You must take this medication exactly as it is given by your doctor. Your doctor may direct you to start at a lower dose and eventually increase it.

Ampicillin is to be taken by mouth usually 4 times a day every 6 hours or as directed by your doctor. Take each dose on an empty stomach, an hour before or two hours after a meal. It is important to continue taking this even if you feel well.

To help you remember, take it at the same time and in the same way each day. Drink plenty of fluids while having this medication unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Doing so may lessen the risk of certain side effects. Inform your doctor if your condition gets worse or does not improve.

What are the possible side effects of Ampicillin?

Common side effects:

  • Nausea
  • Stomach pain
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache

Call your doctor if this happens:

  • Persistent nausea or vomiting
  • Dark urine
  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • Persistent sore throat or fever

What are the precautions in taking Ampicillin?

  • Before using Ampicillin, inform your doctor if you have any medical history especially of kidney disease or infectious mononucleosis.
  • This medication may cause live bacterial vaccines to not work as well. Do not have any vaccinations or immunizations while using Ampicillin.
  • This should not be taken by people with kidney problems and with suspected glandular fever and acute or chronic lymphoid leukemia.
  • Let your doctor know if you ever had an allergic reaction to this drug. Tell as well if you have any allergies.
  • Do not share this with others even if they have the same symptoms as yours.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding women. If you become pregnant while taking ampicillin, call your doctor right away.
  • You should not use this product to treat other conditions or infections without the consent of your doctor.
  • Keep this at room temperature far from heat and moisture.