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Acitretin

Formula Drugs

Where is Acitretin used?

Acitretin is used for the treatment of psoriasis and other skin disorders in adults. Psoriasis is a skin disorder that includes chronically happening to be bright red patches covered with silvery scales. It cannot be passed from one person to another.

Acitretin is a retinoid. Retinoids are a class of chemical compounds that are vitamers of vitamin A. It is found in medicines where they regulate epithelial cell growth. This medication has already been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

How does Acitretin work?

Acitretin is a retinoid that has a structure the same as vitamin A. retinoids are also involved in the normal growth of skin cells. This medication works by stopping too much growth and thickening of skin cells. The thickening is called keratinization and happens due to a protein build-up in the cells. Acitretin lessens plaque formation, thickening of the skin, and scaling of the skin.

This medication reduces the speed at which the cells involved in psoriasis are formed. It may take 2 to 3 months before the full benefit of this medication is seen.

How is Acitretin taken?

The recommended dose of this medicine will depend on your medical condition and age. Usually, the starting dose of this is 25 mg to be taken once a day. Your doctor may increase the dose to 50 mg once a day if there has no desired effect is seen after 4 weeks. This should be taken once daily with food or just after a meal. Follow your doctor’s prescription on time.

To help you remember, take the medication at the same time each day. Do not suddenly stop taking this medicine without consulting your doctor. Even if you feel well, this medication must be used until the full prescription is done.

 What are the possible side effects of Acitretin?

  • Chapped lips
  • Itching  
  • Dry eyes
  • Runny or dry nose
  • Dry mouth
  • Thirst
  • Drowsiness
  • Taste changes

You may experience more redness, skin scaling, and peeling the first several weeks as your body adjusts to the medicine. If these side effects continue and worsen, call your doctor right away.

What are the precautions in taking Acitretin?

  • Before using this, inform your doctor if you have any allergies or current medications. Tell also if you ever had an allergic reaction to this medicine.
  • Do not use this past the expiration date.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol while taking this drug and for 2 months after stopping the prescription.
  • Consult first your doctor if you are a pregnant or breastfeeding woman. This may not be recommended for use in them.
  • Do not share this with others who have the same condition as yours.
  • This medicine may make you more sensitive to the sun. Avoid tanning booths and limit your time in the sun. if you get sunburned, tell your doctor right away.
  • Tell to your doctor if you have heart disease, kidney disease, or high cholesterol before having a dose of this medicine.
  • Keep this away from heat and the reach of children.