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Venous Thromboembolism

Venous Thromboembolism

Venous Thromboembolism is a disease where the clots form in deep veins. It mostly occurs in areas of our body wherein legs, arms, and groin. They are referred to as “deep vein thrombosis”. This condition travels in the process of the following:

  • T
  • Lodging in the lungs (also known as Pulmonary Embolism)

Venous Thromboembolism may also refer to a condition where the blood clot cuts off your blood flow. This disease can be fatal but it can be treated.

Signs and Symptoms Venous Thromboembolism

The following are the signs and symptoms of having the disease:

  • Red Streaks on Skin
  • Swollen leg
  • Swollen arm
  • Red skin/warm to touch
  • Pain in arm/leg
  • Tenderness in leg/arm
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Tachypnea
  • Short breathing
  • Coughing up blood
  • A cough
  • Lightheadedness

CAUSES

The following are the factors that are a cause of Venous Thromboembolism:

  • An athlete
  • Having a Surgery
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • A person with Low Vitamin D
  • Taking a medicine with Sex Hormones
  • Having a Cancer
  • Overweight
  • Pregnancy
  • Premature Birth
  • Smoking

RISK FACTORS

The listed below are factors that may put you at risk of having this condition:

  • A family history of the disease
  • Having a deep vein thrombosis
  • Protein C deficiency
  • A person with an infection
  • Having a heart failure
  • Having been in ICU/ICU admission
  • A person with severe lung disease
  • A person with Cancer
  • Chemotherapy
  • A person with HIV infection
  • Having a spinal cord injury
  • Varicose Veins
  • Malignancy
  • Increasing age
  • Cigarette Smoking
  • Trauma

DIAGNOSIS

Having this condition may use some techniques to identify the disease. The doctors may suggest a patient undergo lab test. In this process, it will help the doctor to diagnose a person easily. The following are some techniques to diagnose a person with the disease. It may include:

  • D-dimer Blood Test
  • Contrast Venography
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Duplex Ultrasonography
  • Echocardiogram
  • Pulmonary Angiography
  • Ventilation-Perfusion
  • Computed Tomographic Pulmonary Angiography

PREVENTIVE MEASURES

Venous Thromboembolism is a serious disease. But this can be treated and also this condition can be prevented. There’s a lot more than you can do to prevent this disease. Here are some important things you need to know:

  • Get more exercise. Enroll yourself to a daily physical activity to help maintain your healthy living.
  • Beat a healthy weight. Maintain a normal weight and choose foods to eat.
  • If you’re a smoker. Quit yourself to cigarette smoking for a healthy living.
  • Don’t drink alcoholic beverages. Drink lots of water and juices instead.
  • Stay healthy.

TREATMENT

The following are treatments that may help a person with the condition:

  • Clot-busting drugs
  • Surgery
  • Blood Thinners
  • Dabigatran
  • Intermittent pneumatic compression
  • Low molecular weight heparin