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Tetrabenazine

Where it is used and how it works?Tetrabenazineis used...

Minocycline Hydrochloride

Minocycline Hydrochloride

Minocycline Hydrochloride is a prescription intended for the treatment of a wide variety of infections. This drug may also be used along with other medicines to treat severe acne. 

Acne occurswhen your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. Itfrequently causes blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples. It usually appears on theforehead, face, upper back, shoulders, or chest. Acne is furthermost commonamong teenagers. However, it affects people of all ages. Depending on itsseverity, acne can cause emotional distress and scar on the skin. The symptomsmay be different depending on the severity of your condition:

  • Blackheads (open plugged pores)
  • Pimples (pustules) which are papules with pus at their tips
  • Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)
  • Small red, tender bumps (papules)
  • Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin (cystic lesions)
  • Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin (nodules) 
  •  

Four mainfactors cause acne:

  • Hair follicles clogged by oil and dead skin cells
  • Excess oil production
  • Excess activity of a type of hormone (androgens)
  • Bacteria

Acneusually appears on your face, chest, forehead, upper back and shoulders. It isbecause these areas of skin have the most oil (sebaceous) glands. Hairfollicles are connected to oil glands.

Seekemergency medical assistance if after using a skin product you experience;

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Faintness
  • The tightness of the throat
  • Swelling of the eyes, lips, face, or tongue 

MinocyclineHydrochloride is a medication already approved by the Food and DrugAdministration (FDA). This is in the class of drugs known as tetracycline antibiotics.This stops the growth and development of certain bacteria that cause thecondition. Minocycline Hydrochloride comes as an extended-release tablet fororal use. Each tablet is available in the dosage strengths of 55 mg, 65 mg, 80mg, 105 mg, and 115 mg. 

How doesMinocycline Hydrochloride work?

MinocyclineHydrochloride is active against the bacteria associated with acne. This is acommon type of bacteria that feeds on sebum [produced by the sebaceous glandsin the skin. It produces waste products and fatty acids that irritate thesebaceous glands. It also makes them inflamed and causing spots. By controllingbacterial numbers, minocycline brings the inflammation of the sebaceous glandsunder control. It also allows the skin to heal. 

For awide variety of infections, this medication stops the bacteria from growing andincreasing in numbers. To make sure the bacteria causing an infection aresusceptible to minocycline, your doctor may take a tissue sample. A swab fromthe infected area or a urine, sputum, or blood sample will do. 

How touse Minocycline Hydrochloride?

Thedosage is based on your medical condition and response to the treatment. Youshould take this medication exactly as it is prescribed. Do not take more orless or more often than it is given by your doctor. Your doctor may startgiving you at a lower dose and gradually increase it. 

MinocyclineHydrochloride is to be taken by mouth. Usually, this is taken every 12 hours atleast an hour or 2 hours before a meal. If stomach upset occurs, taking it withfood or milk may help. However, Minocycline Hydrochloride may not work as wellif you take it with food or milk, so ask your doctor if you may take it thatway. Do not lie down for at least 10 minutes after taking a dose of this medication. 

Swallowthe tablet as a whole with a full glass of water. Do not break, crush, or chewit. Remember to take it at the same time and in the same way every day. For thebest benefit, take it regularly. This drug may help control your symptoms, butit will not cure your condition. Even if you feel well, continue to take thisprescription. Do not suddenly stop taking this without consulting your doctor.If you missed a dose, take it as soon as you remember it. Never mind the misseddose and follow your regular dosing schedule if it’s almost time for the nextdose. Do not double the dose to make up for a missed one.

What arethe side effects of Minocycline Hydrochloride?

Commonside effects:

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Upset stomach
  • Dizziness
  • Light-headedness
  • Spinning sensation
  • Drowsiness
  • Unsteadiness
  • Tired feeling
  • Headache
  • Cough
  • Mouth sores
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Skin rash or itching
  • Discoloration or your gums
  • Swollen tongue
  • Vaginal itching or discharge 

Let yourdoctor know right away if you have these serious side effects:

  • Muscle pain
  • Sunburn
  • Changes in the amount of urine
  • Difficult or painful swallowing
  • Pink urine, brown or gray tooth discoloration
  • Numbness and tingling of the hands and feet
  • Stopping of menstrual periods 
  • New signs of infection (chills, fever, or persistent sore throat)

Warningsand Precautions

  • This medication is not recommended in children under 12 years or for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Minocycline Hydrochloride can be deposited in the baby’s growing bone which may affect their development. 
  • People with kidney failure should also not take this medication. 
  • If you are allergic to Minocycline Hydrochloride, let your doctor know right away. If you have any allergies, tell your doctor. This drug may have an inactive ingredient that causes an allergic reaction. 
  • Some people might need a lower Minocycline Hydrochloride dose or extra monitoring. Make sure your doctor knows if you have kidney or liver problems, taking medicines that can have side effects on the liver, or you have an inflammatory condition. If you have myasthenia gravis, you may need to lower your dose as well. 
  • It’s possible that if you drink an excessive amount of alcohol with this medicine, it could increase the risk of getting side effects on your liver. 
  • Before you take Minocycline Hydrochloride, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you’re already taking any medicines including those bought without a prescription and herbal medicines. Also, always check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking any new medicines while you’re taking Minocycline Hydrochloride. 
  • If you need to take a painkiller while you’re taking Minocycline Hydrochloride, it’s fine to take paracetamol or ibuprofen.